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Fire and Flammability Testing of Transportation Textiles


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Textiles/FM Used In Aircraft Interiors

Product
Test DescriptionTest Desc.
 
FAR
Appendix F
Test StandardTest Std.
Airbus
 
Boeing
All textiles/fm Combustion Toxicity N/A AITM
3.0005
BSS 7239
Applied to Walls Rate of Heat Release (OSU) Part IV AITM
2.0006
BSS 7322
Applied to Walls Smoke Density Part V AITM
2.0007A
BSS 7238
Applied to Walls Vertical Flammability (60 second flame application) Part I
(a)(1)(i)
AITM
2.0002A
BSS 7230 F1
Miscellaneous Categories Horizontal Flammability Part I (a)(1)(iv)
Part I (a)(1)(v)
AITM
2.0003
BSS 7230 F3
BSS 7230 F4
Seat Covers Vertical Flammability (12 second flame application) Part I (a)(1)(ii) AITM
2.0002B
BSS 7230 F2

Textiles/FM Used In Passenger Vessels

Product Test Description Test Standard
Bedding Cigarette ignition &
butane flame ignition
IMO 2010 FTP Part 9
8.1 & 8.2
Carpeting (primary deck coverings) Smoke & Combustion Toxicity ISO Smoke Box w/ FTIR IMO 2010 FTP Part 2
Carpeting (primary deck coverings) Surface Flammability
Lift Apparatus
IMO 2010 FTP Part 5
Draperies Vertical Flammability IMO 2010 FTP Part 7
Upholstery Cigarette ignition &
butane flame ignition
IMO 2010 FTP Part 8
3.1 & 3.2
Wallcoverings (bulkhead finish) Smoke & Combustion Toxicity ISO Smoke Box w/ FTIR IMO 2010 FTP Part 2
Wallcoverings (bulkhead finish) Surface Flammability
Lift Apparatus
IMO 2010 FTP Part 5

Textiles/FM Used in Bus / Van / Railcar Interiors(North American Test Methods):

Product Test Description Test Standard
Carpeting
Floor coverings
Flooring Radiant Panel ASTM E 648
Seat covers
Draperies
Vertical Flammability (12 second flame application) FAA Appendix F
Part I (a)(1)(ii)
Seat covers
Draperies
Wall or ceiling
coverings
Combustion Toxicity 1
6 Gases
BSS 7239
Seat covers
Draperies
Wall or ceiling
coverings
Combustion Toxicity 2
8 Gases
SMP 800C
Modified
Seat covers
Draperies
Wall or ceiling
coverings
Smoke Density ASTM E 662
Wall or ceiling
coverings
Radiant Panel ASTM E 162
Product Test Description Test Standard
School Bus Seat / Burning Paper Bag National School Transportation Specifications and Procedures (NSTSP)

Textiles/FM used in private vehicle interiors:

Test Description Test Standard
Horizontal Flammability
ISO Standard
ISO 3795
Horizontal Flammability
North American Standards
FMVSS 302 (US)
CMVSS 302 (Canada)

Textiles/FM used in railcar interiors (Euro Rail Test Methods):

Product Test Description Test Standard
Blankets
(R Set 20)
Vertical Flammability
Cone Calorimeter
Smoke Box w/ FTIR
EN ISO 11925-2
ISO 5660-1
25 kW
EN ISO 5659-2
25 kW
Carpeting
Floor coverings
(R Set 10)
Flooring Radiant Panel
Cone Calorimeter
Smoke Box w/ FTIR
EN ISO 9239-1
ISO 5660-1
25 kW
EN ISO 5659-2
25 kW
Curtains
(R Set 1)
Lift apparatus
Cone Calorimeter
Smoke Box w/ FTIR
ISO 5658-2
ISO 5660-1
50 kW
EN ISO 5659-2
50 kW
Upholstery &
head rests
(R Set 21)
Cone Calorimeter
Smoke Box w/ FTIR
ISO 5660-1
25 kW
EN ISO 5659-2
25 kW
Wallcovering
(R Set 1)
Lift apparatus
Cone Calorimeter
Smoke Box w/ FTIR
ISO 5658-2
ISO 5660-1
50 kW
EN ISO 5659-2
50 kW