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How to Comply with the Children's Sleepwear Flammability Standards

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Children's Sleepwear Flammability Testing

The following procedures are offered as a guide for making children's sleepwear garments in accordance with Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) flammability regulations.


Step 1. Fabric Certification: Any fabric that is purchased must be tested and certified by the fabric supplier. If the garment manufacturer converts the fabric (i.e. by printing or quilting), the manufacturer must test the converted fabric to determine compliance.

Frequency of Testing: Every fabric lot up to 5,000 yards must be tested.

Step 2. Prototype Testing: Any certified fabric that is used must go through a series of prototype tests prior to producing garments.

Prototype Seam

a) Prototype Seam: Prepare 30 specimens measuring 6" x 10", as shown. Submit 15 specimens for testing and retain 15 specimens.

b) Prototype Trim: Any trim added to the certified fabric must be tested in conjunction with the fabric. Screen prints are considered trim.

Lace Ribbons

i.) Lace, Ribbons, etc.: Prepare 30 specimens measuring 6" x 10", as shown on the sketch. Submit 15 specimens for testing and retain 15 specimens.

Screen Prints

ii.) Screen Prints: Prepare 10 panels of each individual screen print. Submit 5 panels for testing and retain 5 panels.

Frequency of Testing: Prototype testing must be repeated only when a component changes, i.e. a different fabric, a different thread, etc.

Step 3. Garment Production Testing: After the prototype tests have been approved, proceed to make production garments. Production garments must also be submitted for testing. Submit 3 garments for testing. Retain 1 garment of each style made.

Frequency of Testing Every garment lot up to 500 dozen garments.


The prototype tests and the garments tests should be submitted by the plant that does the actual work.


Certain seams, certain trims, and certain functional items are excluded from the test. Contact SGS Govmark for complete details.


All garments should have a GPU identification and care label attached. A sample of this label is enclosed. (See Page 4.)


The CPSC requires that all records be kept for a minimum of three years after final usage. SGS Govmark recommends keeping records as long as physically possible, since they would be needed in the event of a product liability suit which could come years after the three year government period. (The issue should be reviewed with insurance carriers and legal counsel.)


1. Fabric: 1/2 yard from each lot tested.

2. Prototypes: 15 specimens of unburned prototypes and 15 specimens of burned prototypes must be kept for a period of at least three years after final usage of that prototype.

3. Garments: One garment of each style made must be kept for a minimum of three years after the last sale of that garment style.

GPU CARE LABEL Requirements:

1. The GPU Care Label must be permanent, i.e. able to withstand 50 washings and dryings.

2. The GPU Care Label must be conspicuously located, i.e. visible without searching.

3. If the GPU Care Label is obscured due to the way the garment is packaged, all information must be repeated (nonpermanent) on a sticker, hangtag, or bag imprint.

4. Sample of a GPU Care label:

The letters used: There is no size specified, as long as they are clear and legible.

GPU care label requirements

For more information, read: CFR 1615 Summary | CFR 1616 Summary